Multiplication Facts Game

Primary Skill

Multiplication Facts

Remember

Vocabulary: multiplication, multiply, “groups of”, times, product, factor, add, addition, sum

Number identification

1:1 correspondence

Counting to 100

Addition

↑  Foundational Skills

Understand                    

Multiplication Facts     ←  Primary Skill

↓  Extension Skills

Subtraction

Division

Multiple Digit Multiplication

Apply

Word problems that require addition/multiplication

Analyze

Relationship to Subtraction

Relationship to Division

Evaluate

Factor justification

Use of multiplication over addition

Create

Story problems using addition/multiplication

Instruction

This game can be used whole group to practice multiplication facts.

Set-up:

Write numbers 0-20 (or higher depending on skill focus) on index cards. Further differentiation… Include dots that can be counted next two the numbers.

Provide whiteboards/markers, paper/writing utensil, digital voice output, choice board with numbers or any other resources necessary for students that need an alternate means to participate and respond.

Provide

How to play:

  • Ask for two student volunteers at a time to stand in front of the class.
  • Give each student one of the index cards to hold on their forehead (DO NOT let them see the number).
  • Have them face and ask the class what the product of the two numbers they are hold is.
  • One the product is determined, have the students face each other and try determine the number they are hold.

Example:

  • Student A is holding a 5
  • Student B is holding a 7
  • Class tells them the product is 35
  • Each student determines their number from knowing the product and the other students number.

Differentiation:

The teacher distributes numbered cards to volunteer students according to the known skill level of students. Here are a few examples of how this game can be differentiated.

  • If Student A is working on their 3 facts make sure to include this in the two numbers.
  • If Student B knows all of their facts make sure to include a double-digit number.
  • If Student C is working on addition switch that round to finding the sum rather than the product. (do this with other students as well to ensure that it is a natural part of the game rather than highlighting a particular student)

Example questions:

For whole class-

  • What is the sum of of these two numbers?

For the two students holding numbers –

  • Now that you know the sum and the other number in the equation, what number do you have?

For whole class and the two students holding numbers –

  • What subtraction equation could you make from these numbers?
  • Create a story problem using these numbers.

↑  Foundational Skills

What is the product of these two numbers?     ←  Primary Skill

↓  Extension Skills

For whole class-

  • What is the product of these two numbers?

For the two students holding numbers –

  • Now that you know the product and the other number in the equation, what number do you have?

For whole class and the two students holding numbers –

  • What division equation could you make from these numbers?
  • Create a story problem using these numbers.

Practice

Students at all skill levels can be involved in this game. It can easily be differentiated by the teacher as it is being played for practice at individual skill level.

Demonstration of Knowledge

Students can demonstrate their knowledge in relationship to multiplication facts at their ability level.

  • Point – Students can identify what is being requested through pointing or gestures (multiple choice).
  • Say – Students can identify what is being requested through speaking (multiple choice or open ended questions).
  • Do – Student can identify what is being requested through writing, creating, digital format, their actions, drawing, etc. (multiple choice or open ended questions).

Example Data Collection

StudentFoundational
Skills
Primary
Skills
Extension
Skills

Student 1Can solve
multiplication
facts up to 5.
Demonstrates
knowledge by
writing on a
white board.
Student 2Can solve
addition facts
up to 8 verbally.
Student 3Can solve
multiple digit
equations.
Demonstrates
knowledge by
verbally sharing
products.
Student 4Can create
multiplication
story problems.
Student 5Can verbally
identify
numbers 1-100.

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